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As a city with high consumption and living standards, ecological sustainability is a major challenge.

Globally, the ecological footprint of Helsinki residents is high: our consumption level exceeds the limits of the Earth’s carrying capacity. On the other hand, the state of the environment in Helsinki has improved according to many indicators, and environmental protection and services like waste management and water supply are at a good level.

As the city grows, the biggest challenges of the future are caused by urban consolidation and the impact of traffic on air quality, noise levels and nature. The city plays a key role in ensuring ecological sustainability as it is responsible for many related activities, such as local climate and environmental protection measures, maintenance of green and recreational areas, urban planning and infrastructure.

Climate and energy

Heavy investments have been made in recent years to mitigate climate change, and decisions that are significant for reducing the amount of emissions have been taken for several years ahead.

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Local nature and diversity

The nature of Helsinki is diverse: forests, meadows, wetlands, shores, islands, streams and parks. There are still many quite natural habitats in the forests and on the shores of Helsinki. However, there is no clear picture of the direction of development.

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Water ecosystems

In Helsinki, clean drinking water and efficient wastewater management are available to everyone. In addition, wastewater treatment is of the highest quality. The state of the Baltic Sea has improved in recent decades, but it is still one of the most sensitive and polluted seas in the world, particularly affected by eutrophication.

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Indicators of ecological sustainability

Here you’ll find graphic illustrations on how ecological sustainability is advancing in Helsinki. You’ll find indicators by theme such as climate and energy or local nature. The indicators are updated regularly as new data is collected.